Jun 062013
 

Selespeed system oil level must be checked with the car level and the engine cold.

To check the level, proceed as follows:

  1. Detach the bleeder pipe and remove the cap, and check that the level is at the MAX level on the dip stick that is integral with the cap.
  2. If the oil is below the MAX level, top up until the correct level is reached.
  3. After screwing the cap back on, insert the bleeder pipe fully onto the cap tip and turn the ignition key to STOP.
Hydraulic oil container

Hydraulic oil container

Use only “Tutela CS Speed” oil for topping up!

 Posted by at 5:31 pm
Jun 062013
 

The Alfa Romeo 147 T. Spark engine, with electronically controlled manual transmission is called Selespeed. This system is applied to a traditional manual transmission, that has added an electronically controlled electro-hydraulic device that automatically manages the clutch and the gear engagement.

The gearbox can function in two different operating modes:

  1. Semiautomatic (or manual), where the driver makes the direct request to change gear through the lever on the tunnel or by pressing the buttons on the steering wheel.
  2. Automatic (or City), where it is the system that decides when to change gear (this mode can be selected with the specific button).
  3. The clutch pedal has been eliminated and take-off is by means of a control lever with a “single stable central position” of the floating type that can be used to increase/decrease the gear ratio engaged and the engagement of reverse gear (R) and idling (N). There are also two buttons on the steering wheel spokes that can be used when the vehicle is moving to increase/decrease the gear engaged. At every activation by the turning of the key to MAR, the system always selects the semiautomatic mode (manual). If, when the “automatic” (City) mode is running, the driver requests a gear change, the system interprets this action as a request from the user to have direct control, and switches to “Semiautomatic” mode.

    Alfa 147 Selespeed steering wheel gear switch

    Alfa 147 Selespeed steering wheel gear switch


    Alfa 156 (1997-2002) Steering wheel with gearbox switches

    Alfa 156 (1997-2002) Steering wheel with gearbox switches


    Alfa Brera Steering wheel gearbox swhich

    Alfa Brera Steering wheel gearbox swhich

    The information regarding the gear engaged is shown on the display in the car instrument panel (rev counter).
The symbols shown on the display are:

    • N = idling
    • 1 = first gear
    • 2 = second gear
    • 3 = third gear
    • 4 = fourth gear
    • 5 = fifth gear
    • R = reverse

    A fault warning light and a buzzer call the attention of the driver in the case of faults or critical driving conditions for the vehicle or for the transmission components (example: clutch over heating). Selespeed considerably simplifies driving , and in town is less tiring , also in situations where the gear has to be changed frequently, but at the same time it ensures brilliant performance.

 Posted by at 5:16 pm
Jun 062013
 

Pin-Out CFC 208F functions

Pin-Out CFC 208F functions

Pin-Out CFC 208F functions

Description

  1. Power earth
  2. Power earth
  3. EV4 5-R gear selection actuator control
  4. From… 4 to 25… NC
  5. Gear selection by lever (+) increase
  6. Power supply (+30 battery)
  7. Ignition key power supply (15/54)
  8. EV3 1-2 gear selection actuator control
  9. NC
  10. Oil electric pump relay control
  11. EV1 1-3-5 odd gears engagement actuator control
  12. CAN line (-) with Motronic
  13. From.. 34 to 37… NC
  14. Gearbox inlet rev sensor (+)
  15. Gear engagement sensor position signal
  16. Hydraulic group oil pressure sensor signal
  17. NC
  18. Start relay control
  19. EV0 clutch actuation control
  20. EV2 2-4-R even gears engagement actuator control
  21. CAN line (+) with Motronic
  22. From… 46 to 47… NC
  1. Engine speed from rev counter (through CCM)
  2. K line for diagnostics
  3. Gearbox input rev sensor (-)
  4. Gear selection potentiometer signal
  5. Clutch potentiometer signal
  6. From.. 53 to 58… NC
  7. Clutch potentiometer earth
  8. From.. 60 to 64… NC
  9. Gear selection and request reference earth
  10. Oil pressure potentiometers sensor earth
  11. Gear selection by lever
  12. Gear selection by lever
  13. Connection for brake (stop) switch
  14. From.. 70 to 71… NC
  15. Data display control output
  16. Gear position sensors power supply (+5V)
  17. Gear selection by lever
  18. Gear selection (+) (-) from steering wheel switch
  19. Engine start +50 signal
  20. City switch
  21. Connection for door button
  22. Clutch position sensor power supply (+5V)
  23. Buzzer control

On the CAN line (Pin 33-45) the following signals are available:

Accelerator pedal position, engine torque, water temperature, car speed; whereas CFC 208 uses this line to control the on-board panel display and the torque requests to the engine control when changing gear.

Electrical diagram

CFC 208F Alfa Romeo 147 Selespeed T. Spark electrical diagram

CFC 208F Alfa Romeo 147 Selespeed T. Spark electrical diagram

Description

  1. Brake pedal switch
  2. Rev counter
  3. Diagnostics connector
  4. Relay
  5. Control relay
  6. Injection control unit
  7. Sectioning connector
  8. Starter motor
  9. Gear clutch control Selespeed control unit
  10. Oil pressure electric pump
  11. Gear request buttons on steering wheel
  12. Gear selection lever and switches
  1. Gear engagement solenoid valves (2)
  2. Gear selection solenoid valves (2)
  3. Clutch engagement-disengagement solenoid valve
  4. Gear selection potentiometer
  5. Gear engagement potentiometer
  6. Clutch potentiometer
  7. Hydraulic group oil pressure sensor
  8. Gearbox primary shaft speed sensor
  9. Buzzer
  10. City automatic gear mode button
  11. Door button driver side
 Posted by at 5:05 pm
Jun 062013
 

Gear selection control lever

The lever has only one stable position (A) and 4 unstable (+, -, N, R).

Gear selection lever

Gear selection lever

It has four normally open switches, each with two electric resistors (one in parallel at contact, the other in series). To go to a higher gear, push the lever toward (+), to have a lower gear, push toward (-). To insert idle (N) move the control lever to the right Reverse gear (R) can be engaged from any gear, moving the gear lever to the right then back, with the vehicle stationary and the brake pedal pressed.

Gear selection lever electrical connection

Gear selection lever electrical connection

 Posted by at 4:32 pm
Jun 062013
 

Hydraulic circuit oil pressure sensor

It is installed directly on the hydraulic group.

Position of oil pressure sensor

Position of oil pressure sensor

It is installed directly on the hydraulic group. It consists of a capacitive sensitive element that generates a signal processed by a specific custom circuit inside the metal casing. It supplies the control unit CFC 208F with a voltage proportional to the pressure read, with reference to the supply voltage of the sensor. The supply voltage from CFC 208F is 5+/-0.5V with a draw of approx. 10 mA. The maximum pressure value read is approx. 80 bar.

Pressure sensor diagram

Pressure sensor diagram

Actuators position sensor

Actuators position sensor

Actuators position sensor

The sensors that send the position of the gear selection, gear engagement and clutch control actuators to the Selespeed control unit are single ramp potentiometers installed directly on the electro-hydraulic group. They are powered with 5V+/-0.5V by the control unit CFC 208F. Maximum resistance between pins A-B is 1200 +/- 20Ohmat 20°C.

Location of actuator position sensors

Location of actuator position sensors

The three sensors, of the same type, installed on the electro-hydraulic group are:

  1. Gear selection position sensor
  2. Gear engagement position sensor
  3. Clutch position sensor

Clutch disk speed sensor (gearbox primary)

This is installed on the gearbox inlet, directly on the gear box.
It is an electromagnetic sensor and sends a sinusoidal signal to the control unit CFC 208F that has a frequency in proportion to the speed of a pinion mounted on the gearbox primary shaft. The winding resistance is 1200 Ohm +/- 10% at 20°C. The air gap ranges between 0.2-1 mm.

Gearbox speed sensor position

Gearbox speed sensor position

Switch on brake pedal

Installed on the brake pedal unit.

Brake pedal switch

Brake pedal switch

When the pedal is released it does not send any signal (NC) to the control unit CFC 208F. When the brake pedal is pressed the BRAKE lights switch on and the switch sends the car braked signal (12V) to control unit CFC 208F.

Door open switch

This reads the information (ON-OFF) regarding the state of the driver side door, sending an earth signal to the control unit CFC 208F when the door is open.

 Posted by at 4:30 pm